Sabtu, 08 Agustus 2009

Artikel Kebudayaan Indonesia



OrkesTanjidor has grown since 19th century, developed in rural areas. According to some information, the orchestra comes from the orchestra originally built environment dalarn master-landowner, as landowner Citeureup, near Cibinong.

In general, musical instruments in the orchestra Tanjidor consists of the tool piston, such as wind instrument (a piston cornet), trombone, tenor, clarinet, bass, equipped with a musical instrument at a membrane called the regular drum or drum. With enough equipment to accompany or to accompany the procession.

Performance especially for the place and not moving the tools are often added to the tool gesek as tehyan, and some membranfon such as tambourine, and drum bedug, also with some added equipment perkusi as kecrek, kempul and gong.

Songs were the usual orchestra tanjidor, according to the local term is "Batalion", "Kramton" "bananas", "Delsi", "Was No-no", "Cakranegara," and "Welmes." In the later development of more carries songs such as the Betawi people Surilang "Jali-jali, and so forth, and the songs that the local term known as the Sunda songs mountains, such as" Kangaji "," Oncomlele "and so forth.

Tanjidor groups who are in the area of DKI Jakarta, among other leaders from the Cijantung Nyaat, Kalisari Nawin leaders, Pondokranggon leader Maun, Ceger leaders Gejen.

Regional distribution of Tanjidor, except in the outskirt of Jakarta, is in the vicinity of Depok, Tangerang, Citeureup, Cileungsi, Jonggol, Parung in Bogor Regency, in some places in the area of Kabupaten Tangerang and Kabupaten Bekasi.

As art, the support band Tanjidor especially farmers in rural areas. In general, artists Tanjidor can not rnengandalkan nafkahnya of the results obtained from the field of art. Most of their living from farming in the planting, or small-scale trading.

Community by supporting Tanjidor usually used to enliven hajatan such as weddings, khitanan and so forth, or parties such as the public to celebrate anniversary Independence Proclamation. Until five years dozens of gang-gang Tanjidor a regular road show, the term "Ngamen". Road show that is done mainly at the time New Year's party, both Christian and Imlek.

Need to be, that in accordance with the development of taste and era supporting community, with the usual Tanjidor also carries songs Dangdut. There is also a special present songs Pop Sunda, known as the "Winingan tanji".

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Art Sunda "Buhun" The left

(from the

Various types of traditional art, especially original art Sunda Sunda buhun nearly extinct as a result many left their own communities. Art as property which is the local culture, arts of Sunda buhun continue successor due to the loss of the art is less appreciated and get the public, and push the modern pop art is considered more attractive.

Teachers of Language and Literature Education University of Indonesia, Prof.. Dr. Yus Rusyana said, traditional Sundanese buhun conditions at this time began to disappear gradually in. "Nowadays the younger generation more like art that comes from outside the arts than the original property of the nation itself," he said, in consultation Tokoh Sunda, Sunda trench Roots Culture Buhun, Monday (14 / 3) in the Hall Office for Culture and Tourism of West Java, Road RE Martadinata 209 Bandung.

The event was attended by a number of prominent arts and cultural Sunda, as Prof.. Saini KM, Prof.. Dr. Karna Yudibrata, Dra. Hj. Popong Otje Djunjunan, Nano S., Euis Suhaenah M. Hum, and The PB Center Pasundan Daum.

Kang Yus-Yus Rusyana so familiar disapa-emphasize that at this time Sundanese art and culture continue to shift. Even Sunda buhun art is art that is difficult ancestor found. In fact, Sundanese art and culture is very rich buhun known value. Start from the relationships between human beings with the Lord, mausia with another man, to a human relationship with nature.

For that, Yus support the various efforts to conserve Sundanese art and culture. "If it is not anticipated with the preservation of the steps, traditions property will become a living history," he said.

Meanwhile, Dra. Hj. Popong Otje Djundjunan said, to excite the perpetrators buhun Sundanese art and culture should be given such a stimulus. "During this respect the art is very rare, although the artists do not ask for the form of material rewards efforts to preserve the art from generation to generation. They only want to have such recognition from the government, "he said.

Sundanese art and culture buhun left the community because of votes monoton so do not have the selling power. Condition is worsened by the lack of public support and capital from the government so that it can be shown more often in the middle of the community.

To preserve Sundanese art and culture, which continues to disappear buhun, Ny. Popong propose that such activity is held or spectacle ekshibisi officially. Art that was held not only the form of art ibing (gerak-red.) but also art tabeuh (percussion), and art sora (voice).

In addition to determining that the arts are the arts of Sunda buhun need to set criteria. "To menentukannya at this time is very difficult because of Sundanese arts have adopted many arts from the outside," he said.

That said senada artists, cultural and art teacher at STSI Bandung, S. Nano. He says, artists Sunda buhun adults is not very appreciated anymore, not only by its own people but also by the government. "If it still got a place, when a certain akan comedy. Local government is often considered to be the artists that burden, "he said.

Told Nano, in a few years kebelakang Sundanese art and culture can be buhun akan become obsolete if not immediately return dilestarikan and developed. "For that it would understand the art and culture in the Sunda buhun not associated with religion or belief that is often between a fence and can not," said Nano. (A-87) ***

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Currently, Tembang Cianjuran often do not become part of an integral showtimes arts events at the reception for guests Sundanese people, such as weddings or khitanan. Sound wave sekar (sinden) diiringan a tunable instrument harp and flute create a more elegant atmosphere, polite, full of humility and friendly-hearted. Sehigga of guests who will come out that have brought atmosphere. If it is said Tembang Cianjuran sunda is music that has a color so enthrall music, elegant, soft and smooth. This was very closely related to the development of the embryo of Tembang and Cianjuran.

Arts Tembang Cianjuran born from the creative sense and intention IX Bupati Cianjur, R. Aria Adipati Kusumaningrat (1834-1861), or more often known as "Dalem Pancaniti". However, it results in ciptaannya, the palace Pancaniti assisted by the artist district, namely: Rd. Natawiredja, AEM and Maing Buleng. This is the third person and then get permission to distribute Dalem Pancaniti songs Cianjuran.

At the time of the RAA Prawiradiredja II (1861-1910), art Tembang Cianjuran enhanced aturannya again. With accompaniment by flute and harp sound, the birth Tembang Cianjuran known until now.

Tembang Cianjuran was originally a music full of prestige of the noble. Thus, the presence Tembang Cianjuran initially cater for officials or high-class society. And therefore also the pertunjukkannya always-on pendopo pendopo district. Usually, for events welcome guests regent official ceremonies or official national holiday.

However, in the growth and development along with the various changes that occur in the community Tembang Cianjuran has become so familiar dimasyarakat. Tembang Cianjuran was that can be enjoyed only by nobility, which evolved into a music rooted in the populist tradition. Now, Tembang Cianjuran very easily found in the catering community marriage cianjur (Sunda).

Tembang Cianjuran it is not as much as other types of art, like pop music. But peminat and it Tembang Cianjuran significant. Some of the artist artists Tembang Cianjuran not develop a more limited on the flute Kacapi Tembang Cianjuran but also flute Kacapi Pop Cianjuran.

Although the storm swallowed modernasi Tembang Cianjuran including type of art that still get a positive response from the global community, received good attendance by all parties. Both local and international community to participate sunda preserve this heritage. Evidence, still found a lot of foreign students who study the arts seriously Tembang Cianjuran. Some of them are students come the United States, Norway, Europe, Japan and other Asian countries.

Learning the Art Sunda Tembang Cianjuran not too difficult, not easy to learn walupun Art Sunda Angklung for example. Level of difficulty learning Tembang Cianjuran depends on the grade level or when they try to play a musical instrument. A beginner who has never once played the same musical instrument flute harp tembang cianjuran approximately akan take 3-6 months to play the type of music you want.

It's not quite fit, if someone just learning how to play instruments and vocal manner Tembang Cianjuran only. For art has cultural riches that are stored. One is the actual meaning behind the stored-versify syairnya. In each of the lyric-syairnya it can find a vocal wisdom (wisdom vowel) form of the natural harmony, balance, humility, affection, etc. policies. Peminat Tembang Cianjuran are required to reveal the messages that are stored in the content syairnya. Tembang Cianjuran now pembeda in the middle of frenetic pop culture that increasingly mengglobal.

Tembang Cianjuran very thick with kesundaannya identity. Akan sangat be pitied when the young people start to leave this art. In the middle of losing the identity crisis of this nation, there is a question that should in kemukakan: If the foreign person with serious learning Tembang Sunda Cianjuran, there are still reasons for the younger generation to leave?.

(Edri Wilastono, S. Sos., Implementing & Information Services Section Office of Information and Communication Kabupaten Cianjur) from various sources ** **

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